After the war many Iroquois lodged ter Quebec (present-day Ontario).

History

The Iroquois Indians originally lived near Lake Ontario. Some archaeological evidences showcase that they inhabited the area from spil early spil 1000.

Around 1600, five Iroquois tribes, the Mohawks, the Oneidas, the Onondagas, the Cayugas, and the Senecas, banded together to form a confederacy (Five Nations). The Confederacy wasgoed based at the time of the arrival of the Europeans, ter what is now upstate Fresh York, spil well spil parts of Pennsylvania, Ontario, and Quebec.

By 1650, the Iroquois began to thrust their way into the rich Ohio Country beyond the grounds of the Eries. They conquered and drove out the various tribes of the Algonquian Indians living te the area. The resulting wars were known spil the Beaver Wars (beginning ter 1609) because the Iroquois dreamed more land for hunting and trapping beaver and deer. The Iroquois always attempted hard to incorporate (and not kill) conquered tribes and assimilate them spil total citizens of their society.

The Iroquois participated ter wool trade with the very first Dutch and then the English people. Unlike most other tribes east of the Mississippi Sea, the Iroquois, spil a entire, did not valía the French overheen the English. A petite group of Mohawks and Onondagas would convert to Catholicism and aid the French, but most Iroquois natives assisted the English against the French.

During the American Revolution, thesis natives assisted the British against the American colonists. After the war many Iroquois lodged ter Quebec (present-day Ontario).

Beliefs and mythology

To investigate and find the origins of the Iroquois mythology and beliefs is very difficult, spil they were te close voeling with the British and French people from spil early spil 1600.

Still, what is sure that they had an all-powerful and omnipotent deity, the ‘All Father’ and several smaller spirits to whom the Iroquois Indians were always very appreciative through the year. They even thought that thesis spirits were responsible for the switch of seasons and the growth of crops. The Native Americans held several festivals to thank their deities – they even had a festival that is very much similar to present-day Thanksgiving celebrations (read more about thesis under the ‘Food’ and ‘Festivals’ sections).

Lifestyle

The houses and the village

The Iroquois village consisted of several longhouses and wasgoed built near rivulets ter the beginning. The Indians usually built a strong, large wooden palisade wall around the village and see towers spil well to provide protection for the people. Straks they realised hilltops can be defended more successfully, so they embarked to build their villages on (or stir the older ones) to hilltops to protect the inhabitants from invading tribes.

Spil I said, the village consisted of longhouses, that were large enough to provide housing for several hundred people at a time, usually even for 10-15 families. Each longhouse wasgoed about 7-40 meters long and 5-8 meters broad. The om wasgoed usually covered with a special curtain made by Iroquois women, who produced it from animal skins, like deer or beaver. Inwards the house there wasgoed a broad path ter the middle, which ran through the entire building. Each of the families living te the longhouse had a pre-defined ‘individual space’ that wasgoed about 2-3 meters and they could separate themselves from the surplus of the occupants by rugged clothes or leather curtains.

The Iroquois Indians were experienced farmers. Their main diet consisted of corn, squash and bean and they referred to thesis crops spil the ‘Three Sisters’, which were the gifts of the big holy spirit, the ‘Creator’. They were very much dependant on thesis, so when the farmlands were depleted (were not able to produce a certain amount of crops anymore) the Iroquois dudes simply ‘moved’ the entire village a bit further where crops could have embark to grow fully again on their fat fields. The main job of women wasgoed to work on thesis fields and tend the crops. Also, they cooked for their hubby, their favourite wasgoed very likely a special corn cake.

Meantime dudes were occupied by hunting most of the time, they hunted beavers, deer and other spel. Even the junior boys were permitted to take part te thesis hunts, but only after they were able to kill an adult deer on their own.

Spil I said before, the Iroquois believed te special good spirits. To thank them for the food, health and happiness, the indians held six hefty festivals each year, like: the Strawberry Festival, the Harvest Festival, the Fresh Year Festival or the Corn Planting Festival. During thesis celebrations people shook special rattles (made from shells) and ritme drums.

Spil one of the main diet (speciaal from the crops) of the indians were deer meat, they had a ample supply of deer skin ter the village. Therefore I guess it is not a verrassing that their clothing wasgoed mostly made of thesis skins, they produced moccasins, leggings, capes, vests, skirts, bags and tunics.

Women were also able to make and wear necklaces and other jewellery made of animal teeth and different shells.

Nowadays

Nowadays many Iroquois still live ter the northeast of America. Most of the Iroquois live on state reservations, totalling eighty-seven thousand acres te the Fresh York area. Some proceed to engage ter their clever and resourceful crafts.

The Iroquois were the founders of the Iroquois League of Nations (sometimes also referred to spil the Iroquois Confederacy), perhaps the greatest confederacy of Indians, until thesis days some Iroquois are still working to (re-)create a phat alliance for all Indians.

Te the past decades, the remaining Indians and those of Indian ancestry have almost fully absorbed into the normal population.

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